Nebraska

All posts tagged Nebraska

By Joe Sebastiani, Seasonal Programs Team Leader

Late March in Nebraska is very much like it is here in Delaware…warm, cold, warm, cold, windy, windy, rain, snow.  That is how our trip went last week in the Cornhusker State.  We experienced a wild variety of weather, including temperatures in the 70’s when we arrived.  That didn’t last.  By the end of the week it was a high of 34 degrees and snow all day.

The wildlife isn’t as variable as the weather luckily, and that was the reason 8 of us from the Delaware Nature Society made our way to the center of the continent last week.  The main reason, and original draw for the trip is still the Sandhill Crane migration and staging of half-a-million birds on the Platte River.  This year, as in the last 100,000 years, the Cranes descended on this shallow prairie river, and fed in it’s floodplain of corn fields.  They captivated us, and brought us into their world of the wild for a few days, while they paused, rested, and fattened on their journey to the northernmost reaches of North America and even Siberia.

Sandhill Cranes descend on the Platte River for the night after fattening in corn fields during the day.

Away from the Platte River and the Cranes, corn, and for the most part, other people, is my favorite part of Nebraska…the Sandhills region.  It is mostly an area that is unknown to Americans, but it should be.  It is America’s Sahara and our last great, intact and functioning prairie ecosystem.  When the wind blows here, it does not rustle corn stalks.  Here you hear the swoosh of prairie grasses and the dried stalks of wildflowers.  Rolling sand dunes, some as high as 400 feet overlook abundant wetlands at their bases, springing up from the Ogallala Aquifer lying just under the sandy soil.  20,000 square miles of sand dunes, prairie grass, wetlands and lakes, few people, and abundant wildlife define the Sandhills region, Nebraska’s greatest natural treasure.

The Nebraska Sandhills are a 20,000 square-mile area of prairie-covered sand dunes with abundant wetlands. Few people and lots of wildlife characterize this special region...America's Sahara, and one of our last remaining intact prairie ecosystems.

We stage our Sandhills experience at Calamus Outfitters on the Switzer Family Ranch.  Here we watched Greater Prairie-chicken and Sharp-tailed Grouse perform their spring mating dances.  An open-air jeep safari tour deep into the beautiful Sandhills landscape was cold, but exhilarating and educational at the same time.  The nearby Calamus Reservoir and surrounding wetlands provided huge numbers of ducks, Bald Eagle, American White Pelican, gulls, and many other species to appreciate and watch.  Join us if you can on a future trip, and enjoy the short video of highlights from our trip to Nebraska, March 2011.

Here is the list of birds we saw on the trip this year:

Snow Goose
Ross’s Goose
Canada Goose
Wood Duck
Gadwall
American Wigeon
Mallard
Blue-winged Teal
Northern Shoveler
Northern Pintail
Green-winged Teal
Canvasback
Redhead
Ring-necked Duck
Greater Scaup
Lesser Scaup
Bufflehead
Common Goldeneye
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser
Ruddy Duck
Ring-necked Pheasant
Sharp-tailed Grouse
Greater Prairie-Chicken
Wild Turkey
Horned Grebe
Eared Grebe
Double-crested Cormorant
American White Pelican
Great Blue Heron
Bald Eagle
Northern Harrier
Sharp-shinned Hawk
Red-tailed Hawk
Rough-legged Hawk
American Kestrel
Merlin
Peregrine Falcon
American Coot
Sandhill Crane
Killdeer
Greater Yellowlegs
Lesser Yellowlegs
Franklin’s Gull
Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull
Eurasian Collared-Dove
Mourning Dove
Eastern Screech-Owl
Great Horned Owl
Belted Kingfisher
Hairy Woodpecker
Downy Woodpecker
Northern Flicker
Eastern Phoebe
Northern Shrike
American Crow
Horned Lark
Eastern Bluebird
American Robin
European Starling
Cedar Waxwing
American Tree Sparrow
Field Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Harris’s Sparrow
White-crowned Sparrow
Dark-eyed Junco
Northern Cardinal
Red-winged Blackbird
Western Meadowlark
Yellow-headed Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird
Common Grackle
Brown-headed Cowbird
House Finch
Pine Siskin
American Goldfinch
House Sparrow

Oops!  I forgot to add Wilson’s Snipe, Red-bellied Woodpecker, and Blue Jay.  Also, the mammals we saw were: White-tailed Deer, Mule Deer, Coyote, Mink, Groundhog, Eastern Fox Squirrel, Muskrat, and Eastern Cottontail.  For the first time ever on this trip, we saw a lizard…the Northern Prairie Lizard.

By Joe Sebastiani, Seasonal Program Team Leader

Delaware Nature Society Nebraska Trip: Part II

There is plenty to keep a group of birders busy near the Switzer Family Ranch, otherwise known as Calamus Outfitters, when not watching Greater Prairie-chickens and Sharp-tailed Grouse.  After a morning of chicken-watching, we circled the 11-mile long Calamus Reservoir which is directly across the street from the ranch.  The reservoir is haven for thousands of migrating waterfowl, American White Pelicans, gulls, and Bald Eagles.  Lots of Bald Eagles.  In the winter, shad die in the reservoir, then after ice-out, they float to the surface.  This is a feast for the eagles.  In previous years, I thought 40 or 50 eagles was good.  This year, we estimated 800 Bald Eagles on the Calamus River, Reservoir, and on the ranch.  Yes, 800.

We estimated 800 Bald Eagles to be at the Calamus Reservoir on the Delaware Nature Society trip to Nebraska this past March. Photo by Hank Davis.

While sorting through flocks of Bald Eagles, we found other birds.  I bet that when you think of Nebraska, pelicans aren’t the first thing that jump to your mind.  Well, American White Pelicans breed in prairie wetlands and lakes of North America, and migrate through the Great Plains.  We always find some at the Calamus Reservoir.  This year, there was a flock of about 100 feeding and lingering on the water.  These amazing birds are huge, brilliant white and black, and are a thrill to see cruising over the water.

An American White Pelican glides over the water at the Calamus Reservoir in Nebraska. The horn on top of the bill always takes me by surprise. Photo by Hank Davis.

The list of birds that use the reservoir as a stopover is long.  We found 19 species of waterfowl (that’s slang for ducks, geese, and swans) including a Tundra Swan which is rare in Nebraska, and 62 species of birds overall.  A special highlight for me was seeing both the Northern Shrike and the Loggerhead Shrike in the area.  The Northern was at the end of the Calamus outfitters driveway!  Enjoy some photos from our day around the reservoir. 

A Harris's Sparrow is a fairly common wintering bird in the central great plains. Photo by Hank Davis.

You can see why a Western Meadowlark is the state bird of Nebraska, they are absolutely everywhere and their song is the overwhelming sound of the prairie in March. Photo by Hank Davis.

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Your first reaction to seeing a flock of Wild Turkey running scared is to laugh. I am glad Ben Franklin did not get his way to have this bird be our national symbol. No one laughs when you see a Bald Eagle…unless you are giddy from seeing 800 of them. Photo by Hank Davis.

More highlights from the Delaware Nature Society Nebraska trip to follow in a few more blogs…